• Home / Articulos publicados / Socio-environmental and psychosocial predictors of smoking susceptibility among adolescents with contrasting socio-cultural characteristics: a comparative analysis
  • Socio-environmental and psychosocial predictors of smoking susceptibility among adolescents with contrasting socio-cultural characteristics: a comparative analysis

15/12/2021

[Artículo]

Los invitamos a leer el siguiente artículo que contó con la participación de la Dra. Olga Lucía Sarmiento

Background

Despite a steady decline in adolescent smoking globally, it remains a prevalent risk factor for non-communicable disease. Previous research points to differences in socio-environmental and psychosocial risk factors for smoking and how they vary across different settings with disparate social and cultural characteristics. As a result, smoking rates have remained disproportionately higher in some settings while decreasing in others. This study explored the socio-environmental and psychosocial risk factors for smoking susceptibility in a high-income and upper-middle income setting.

Methods

Cross-sectional data were obtained from 1,573 male and female adolescents aged 11-15 years who completed self-administered questionnaires in schools in Northern Ireland and Bogotá, Colombia. Using logistic regression analysis, we examined how socio-environmental and psychosocial predictors of smoking susceptibility compared across the two countries.

Results

In Northern Ireland, reduced odds of smoking susceptibility were significantly associated with less family smoking (OR: 0.64, 95% CI: 0.41-1.00); having access to information about smoking in school (OR: 0.75, 95% CI: 0.59-0.96); negative attitudes towards smoking (OR: 0.35, 95% CI: 0.23-0.51); higher levels of openness (OR: 0.59, 95% CI: 0.50-0.69); and higher levels of self-reported wellbeing (OR: 0.57, 95% CI: 0.44-0.74). Increased odds of smoking susceptibility were associated with reporting less smoking of a mother (OR: 1.37, 95% CI: 1.06-1.76); higher levels of extraversion (OR: 1.40, 95% CI: 1.04-1.90); and receiving pocket money (OR: 1.20, 95% CI: 1.06-1.37). In Bogotá, reduced odds of smoking susceptibility were significantly associated with reporting less smoking among friends (OR: 0.86, 95% CI: 0.76-0.98); higher levels of self-efficacy (OR: 0.58, 95% CI: 0.40-0.83); greater perceived behavioural control to quit smoking (OR: 0.71, 95% CI: 0.56-0.90); and lower levels of truancy (OR: 0.69, 95% CI: 0.52-0.92). In Bogotá, no factors were associated with increased odds of smoking susceptibility in the final model.

Conclusions

The findings illustrate that there were differences in predictors of adolescent smoking susceptibility across the two settings. By using a comparative approach we demonstrate that smoking interventions and policies must be sensitive to the cultural and normative context within which they are implemented.

Leer el artículo completo aquí 

Noticias Recientes

  • CEREMONIA DE BATAS BLANCAS

    El pasado 28 de septiembre del 2022 se llevó a cabo la Ceremonia de las Batas Blancas ...

  • Concurso de pósteres | ganadores

    A continuación presentamos los ganadores del concurso de pósteres, Carlos Franco, en...

  • II Simposio Internacional de Habilidades en Educación

    El pasado 23 y 24 de septiembre se llevó a cabo el II...

  • False positive serology of prepandemic chagasic samples with SAR

    [Artículo]

    Los invitamos a leer el siguiente artículo que contó con la...

  • Conferencia Construcción de Indicadores en Salud a Nivel de una

    El pasado 14 de septiembre del 2022 se emitió en directo la conferencia | Construcción...

  • Ceremonia Código de Honor 2022-2

    Felicitaciones a nuestros estudiantes

    El pasado lunes 12 de septiembre llevamos...

  • Depresión en niños y adolescentes: ¿la verdadera pandemia?

    El pasado 7 de septiembre del 2022 se emitió en directo el webinar | Depresión en...

  • Comité de Ética: readecuación del Esfuerzo Terapéutico, respetan

    El Comité de Ética Hospitalaria te invita a ver la Sesión Comité de Ética Hospitalaria...

  • Formación de pares expertas comunitarias (PEC) en Derechos Sexua

    Del 31 de agosto al 3 de septiembre, llevamos a cabo el taller sobre formación de...

  • Evento inaugural del Grupo de Interés en Embriología, Morfología

    El pasado Lunes 22 de agosto llevamos a cabo el Evento inaugural del Grupo de Interés...

  • Feria de Laboratorios

    Llevamos a cabo la Feria de Laboratorios, un espacio para dejarse atrapar y deslumbrar...

  • GRADE summary of findings tables enhanced understanding of value

    [Artículo]

    Los invitamos a leer el siguiente artículo que contó con la...